About the Gujarat - EDUCATION UPATE

Friday, 14 June 2019

About the Gujarat

Gujarat is a state on the western coast of India with a coastline of 1600 km most of which lies on the kathiawar peninsula and a population in excess of 60 million. It is the sixth largest Indian state by area and the ninth largest Indian state by population.

Gujarat is bordered by rajasthan to the northeast, daman and diu to the south, dadra and nagar haveli and Maharashtra to the southeast, madhya Pradesh to the east and the Arabian Sea and the Pakistani province of sindh to the West. Its capital city is gandhinagar, while its largest city is Ahmadabad. The Gujarati speaking people of India are indigenous to the state. The economy of Gujarat is the fifth largest state economy in India with 14.96 lakh crore in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of 157000. Gujarat ranks fifteenth among Indian state in human development index.

The state encompasses some sites of the ancient Indus valley civilisation, such as lothal, dholavira and Gola dhoro. Lothal is believed to be one of the world's first seaports. Gujarat's coastal cities,chiefly bharuch and khambhat, served as ports and trading centers in the maurya and Gupta empires and during the succession of Royal saka dynasties from the western satraps era. Along with bihar and nagaland. Gujarat is one of the three Indian states to prohibit the sale of alcohol. Gir Forest National Park in Gujarat is home of the only wild population of the Asiatic lion in the world.

Gujarat was one of the main central areas of the Indus valley civilisation. It contains ancient metropolitan cities from the Indus valley such as lothal, dholavira and gola dhoro. The ancient city of lothal was where India's first port was established. The ancient city of dholavira is one of the largest and most prominent archaeological sites in India, belonging to the Indus valley civilisation. The most recent discovery was gola dhoro. Altogether about 50 Indus valley settlement ruins have been discovered in Gujarat.

Gujarat was known to the ancient Greeks and was familiar with other western centers of civilization through the end of the European middle ages. The oldest written record of Gujarat's 2000 year maritime history is documented in a Greek book titled the periplus of the erythraean sea : Travel and trade in the Indian Ocean by a merchant of the first century. 

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